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Friday, 13 September 2013

Easter Island

Covering an approximate area of 64 square miles in the Southern part of Pacific Ocean,
Easter Island is positioned at a calculated distance of 2,300 miles from Chile's west coast and 2,500 miles east of Tahiti. It was annexed by Dutch in the 18th century and Chile in the 19th century. Its most spectacular claim to reputation is a range of roughly 900 giant stone statues dating back to many centuries. The statues expose their creators to be perfect craftsmen and engineers, and are typical amid other stone sculptures found in Polynesian cultures. The major curiosity issue of this place is the transportation and construction of these giant statues in that era of time.

Early Inhabitation: The first human populaces of Easter Island are supposed to have reached in a prepared party of emigres just about 300-400 A.D.
The supreme proof of settlements in this region is the subsistence of nearly 900 massive stone statues that have been found in varied places in the region of the island. Averaging 4m in height with a weight of 13 tons, these mammoth stone busts (moai) were imprinted out of light; absorbent rock shaped by unified volcanic ash and positioned atop traditional stone platforms called ahus.

Stages of Island Culture: Archaeological cavities of Easter Island unlocks three diverse civilizing stages: In between the early (700-850 A.D.) and Middle period (1050-1680) proof has shown that many premature figures were knowingly damaged and constructed as the bigger and heavier moai for which the island is well renowned. The overdue era (1680 onwards) of the island's development was distinguished by civil wars and common demolition; additional statues were toppled, and many mataa, or obsidian spearpoints, have been found of that period.

Outsiders on Easter Island: The first known European visitor to Easter Island was the Dutch traveler Jacob Roggeveen, who came in 1722. In 1770, the Spanish viceroy of Peru sent an operation to the island; the voyager spent four days on shore and predicted a population of some 3,000 people. After 4 years, the British navigator Sir James Cook came here, but the reported population of 3,000 was declined and only 600 to 700 men, less than 30 women were found.

 The reason behind the declination of habitants was thought to be a cold war. Then a French navigator, Jean-Francois de Galaup, Comte de La Perouse, found 2,000 people living on the island when he came in 1786. In 1888, Chile united Easter Island, chartering a lot of the land for sheep rising.

Easter Island Today: The Island’s chief volcano is known as Rano Kao, and its maximum point is Mount Terevaka, which ranges 1,969 feet above sea level. It has a subtropical climate and temperate weather. Hanga Roa on the west coast is the island's largest village, with a population of roughly 3,300. In 1995, UNESCO named Easter Island a World Heritage site.

 It is now home to diverse habitants, mostly of Polynesian origin and made up of the offspring of the Long-Ears and Short-Ears. The populaces of this island now are the citizens of Chile after it appointed an administrator to this island. The most of the people residing in here speak Spanish and the economy of this island is particularly based on tourism. 

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